幼学英语基础知识汇总大全,提出珍藏!

作者:admin   发布时间:2019-10-22 19:22   浏览:
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原标题:幼学英语基础知识汇总大全,提出珍藏!

第一片面 基础知识

1.字母:26个字母的大幼写

ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ

abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz

2.音标:48个音标

3.词汇:词汇量,近逆义词

4.句子:大幼写,标点符号

第二片面 语法知识

1名词:名词单复数,名词的格

(一)名词单复数

1.清淡情况,直接添-s,如:book-books, bag-bags, cat-cats, bed-beds

2.以s. x. sh. ch末了,添-es,如:bus-buses, box-boxes, brush-brushes, watch-watches

3.以“子音字母 y”末了,变y为i, 再添-es,如:family-families, strawberry-strawberries

4.以“f或fe”末了,变f或fe为v, 再添-es,如:knife-knives

5.不规则名词复数:

man-men, woman-women, policeman-policemen, policewoman-policewomen, mouse-mice

张开全文

child-children, foot-feet, tooth-teeth, fish-fish, people-people, Chinese-Chinese, Japanese-Japanese

不走数名词的复数就是原型:paper, juice, water, milk, rice, tea

(二)名词的格

(1) 有生命的东西的名词一切格:

a) 单数后添 ’s 如: Lucy’s ruler my father’s shirt

b) 以s 末了的复数名词后添 ’如: his friends’ bags

c) 不以s 末了的复数后添 ’s children’s shoes

并列名词中,倘若把 ’s添在末了一个名词后,外示共有, 如:

Tom and Mike’s car 汤姆和迈克共有的幼汽车

要外示一切物不是共有的,答别离在并列名词后添’s

Tom’s and Mike’s cars 汤姆和麦克各自的幼汽车

(2)外示无生命东西的名词清淡用“ of 名词”来外示一切有关:如:

a picture of the classroom a map of China

2冠词:不定冠词,定冠词栽类

(1)不定冠词:a / an

元音起头的可数名词前用an :

an egg / an apple / an orange / an eraser / an answer / an ID card / an alarm clock / an actor / an actress / an e-mail / an address / an event / an example / an opera / an houran old man / an interesting book / an exciting sport / an action movie / an art lesson /

(2)定冠词:the

定冠词的用法:

(1)特指某(些)人或某(些)物:The ruler is on the desk.

(2)复述上文挑到的人或物:He has a sweater. The sweater is new.

(3)说话两边都清新的人或物:The boys aren’t at school.

(4)在序数词前:John’s birthday is February the second.

(5)用于固定词组中:in the morning / afternoon / evening

不必冠词的情况:

(1)特著名词前:China is a big country.

(2)名词前有定语:this , that , my , your , some, any , no 等:

This is my baseball.

(3)复数名词外示一类人和事:Monkeys can’t swim. They are teachers.

(4)在节日,日期,月份,季节前:Today is Christmas Day. It’s Sunday.

(5)一日三餐前:We have breakfast at 6:30.

(6)球类 棋类行动前:They often play football after class. He plays chess at home.

* 但笑器前要用定冠词:I play the guitar very well.

(7)学科名称前:My favorite subject is music.

(8)在称呼或头衔的名词前:This is Mr Li.

(9)固定词组中:at noon at night by bus

3代词、形容词、副词

代词:人称代词,物主代词

人称代词物主代词

主格宾格

第一

人称单数I(吾)me my(吾的)

复数we(吾们)us our(吾们的)

第二

人称单数you(你) you your(你的)

复数you(你们)you your(你们的)

第三

人称单数he(他)him his(他的)

she(她)her her(她的)

it(它)it its(它的)

复数they(他们/她们/它们)them their(他们的/她们的/它们的)

形容词,副词:比较级,最高级

(一)、形容词的比较级

1、形容词比较级在句子中的行使:两个事物或人的比较用比较级,比较级后面清淡带有单词than。比较级前线能够用more, a little来修饰外示水平。than后的人称代词用主格(口语中可用宾格)。

2.形容词添er的规则:

⑴ 清淡在词尾添er ;

⑵ 以字母e 末了,添r ;

⑶ 以一个元音字母和一个子音字母末了,答双写末了的子音字母,再添er ;

⑷ 以“子音字母 y”末了,先把y变i,再添er 。

3.不规则形容词比较级:

good-better, beautiful-more beautiful

(二)副词的比较级

1.形容词与副词的不同(有be用形,有形用be;有动用副,有副用动)

⑴在句子中形容词清淡处于名词之前或be动词之后

⑵副词在句子中最常见的是处于实义动词之后

2.副词比较级的转折规则基本与形容词比较级相通(不规则转折:well-better, far-farther)

4数词:基数词、序数词

基数词

(1)1-20

one,two,three,four,five,six,seven,eight,nine,ten,eleven,twelve, 宗校立:周三营业日 再做个局势梳理!thirteen,fourteen,fifteen, sixteen,seventeen,eighteen,nineteen,twenty

(2)21-99 先说“几十”,再说“几”,中间添连字符。

23→twenty-three,34→thirty-four,45→forty—five,56→fifty-six,67→sixty-seven,78→seventy-eight,89→eighty-nine,91→ninety-one

(3)101—999先说“几百”,再添and,再添末两位数或末位数;

586→five hundred and eighty-six,803→eight hundred and three

(4)l,000以上,先从右去左数,每三位数添一个“,”,第一个“,”前为thousand.第二个“,”前为million,第三个“,”前为billion

1,001→one thousand and one

18,423→eighteen thousand,four hundred and twenty-three

6,260,309→six million two hundred and sixty thousand three hundred and nine

750,000,000,000→seven hundred and fifty billion

序数词

(1)清淡在基数词后添th

eg.four→fourth,thirteen→thirteenth

(2)不规则转折

one→first,two→second,three→third,five→fifth,eight→eighth,nine→ninth,twelve—twelfth

(3)以y末了的十位整数,变y为ie再添th

twenty→twentieth, forty→fortieth, ninety→ninetieth

(4)从二十一后的“几十几”直至“几百几十几”或“几千几百几十几”只将个位的基数词变为序数词。

twenty-first,two hundred and forty-fifth

基数词转为序数词的口诀

基变序,有规律,词尾添上-th.

一,二,三,稀奇记,词尾字母t,d,d.

八去t,九去e, ve要用f替。

ty将y变成i,th前线有个e.

若是碰到几十几,前用基来后用序。

5介词:常用介词:in, on, at, behind等

1.at外示时间概念的某一个点。(在某时刻、时间、阶段等)。

at 1:00(dawn,midnight,noon)在一点钟(清早、子夜、午时)

2.on

1)外示详细日期。

注:(1)关于"在周末"的几栽外示法:

at(on)the weekend在周末---特指

at(on)weekends在周末---泛指

over the weekend在整个周末

during the weekend在周末期间

(2)在圣诞节,答说at Christmas?而不说on Christmas?

2)在(刚……)的时候。

On reaching the city he called up his parents.

一到城里他就给父母打了一个电话。

3.in

1)外示"时段"、"时期",在众数情况下能够和during互换,前者强调对比,后者强调不息。in(during)1988(December,the 20th century)在一九八八年(十二月、二十世纪)

6动词:动词的四栽时态

(1)清淡现在时:

清淡现在时的组成

1. be动词:主语 be(am, is, are) 其它。如:I am a boy. 吾是一个男孩。

2. 走为动词:主语 走为动词( 其它)。如:We study English. 吾们学习英语。

当主语为第三人称单数(he, she, it)时,要在动词后添"-s"或"-es"。如:Mary likes Chinese.玛丽爱汉语。

动词 s的转折规则

1.清淡情况下,直接添-s,如:cook-cooks, milk-milks

2.以s. x. sh. ch. o末了,添-es,如:guess-guesses, wash-washes, watch-watches, go-goes

3.以“子音字母 y”末了,变y为i, 再添-es,如:study-studies

(2)清淡曩以前:

动词以前式详解 动词的以前式的组成规则有:

A、规则动词

① 清淡直接在动词的后面添ed:如 worked , learned , cleaned , visited

② 以e末了的动词直接添d:如 lived , danced , used

③ 以子音字母添y末了的动词要改y为i再添ed(此类动词较少)如 study – studied carry – carried worry – worried (珍惜play、stay不是子音字母添y,于是不属于此类)

④ 双写末了一个字母(此类动词较少)如 stopped

B、不规则动词(此类词并无规则,须熟记)幼学阶段要记住以下动词的底细和以前式:sing – sang , eat – ate ,

see – saw , have – had , do – did , go – went , take – took , buy – bought , get – got , read – read ,fly – flew , am/is – was ,are – were , say – said , leave – left , swim – swam , tell – told , draw – drew , come – came , lose – lost , find – found , drink – drank , hurt – hurt , feel – felt

(3)清淡异日时:

基本组织:

①be going to do;

②will do. be going to = will

I am going to go swimming tomorrow(明天). = I will go swimming tomorrow.

(4)现在进走时: am,is,are 动词现在分词

动词现在分词详解 动词的ing形势的组成规则:

① 清淡的直接在后面添上ing , 如doing , going , working , singing , eating

② 以e 末了的动词,要先去e再添ing ,如having , writing

③ 双写末了一个字母的(此类动词极少)有:running , swimming , sitting , getting

第三片面 句法

陈述句

(1)一定句:是指用一定的语气来陈述的句子,如:I’m a student. She is a doctor. He works in a hospital.

There are four fans in our classroom. He will eat lunch at 12:00. I watched TV yesterday evening.

(2)否定句:含有否定词或外示否定意义词的句子,如:I’m not a student. She is not (isn’t) a doctor.

He does not (doesn’t) work in a hospital. There are not (aren’t) four fans in our classroom.

He will not (won’t) eat lunch at 12:00. I did not (didn’t) watch TV yesterday evening.

疑问句

清淡疑问句:是指咨询实情的句子,此类句子必须用“yes”,或“no”来回答。

稀奇疑问句:以稀奇疑问词(what , where , who , which , when , whose , why , how等)起头引导的句子。此类句子答该问什么就答什么,不克用“yes 、no”来回答。

There be句型

There be 句型与have, has的不同

1、There be 句型外示:在某地有某物(或人)

2、在there be 句型中,主语是单数,be 动词用is ; 主语是复数,be 动词用are ; 如有几件物品,be 动词按照最*近be 动词的谁人名词决定。

3、there be 句型的否定句在be 动词后添not , 清淡疑问句把be 动词调到句始。

4、there be句型与have(has) 的不同:there be 外示在某地有某物(或人);have(has) 外示某人拥有某物。

5、some 和any 在there be 句型中的行使:some 用于一定句, any 用于否定句或疑问句。

6、and 和or 在there be句型中的行使:and 用于一定句, or 用于否定句或疑问句。

7、针对数目挑问的稀奇疑问句的基本组织是:

How many 名词复数 are there 介词短语?

How much 不走数名词 is there 介词短语?

8、针对主语挑问的稀奇疑问句的基本组织是:

What’s 介词短语?

-END -

编辑:幼暖

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